The Kingdom of Denmark is situated between the North Sea and the Baltic Sea, forming a bridge between Central Europe and Northern Europe. A holiday in Denmark is a time out near the sea.
Looking at the Nordic countries, Denmark is the smallest country in terms of area. The Nordic countries, also called Scandinavia, unite among other things linguistic and cultural commonalities. From this point of view, Denmark belongs to the group of countries. Geographically, Denmark has no part of the Scandinavian peninsula.
In total, the kingdom consists of 443 named islands, of which over 70 are inhabited. The holiday region of Denmark can be very well divided into its geographical parts:
- Jutland – rural mainland with the island of Vendsyssel-Thy
- Funen – third largest island in the centre of Denmark
- Zealand – largest Danish island with the capital Copenhagen
- Lolland, Falster, Møn – three smaller islands in the Baltic Sea
- Bornholm – island in the Baltic Sea
- The Faeroe Islands and Greenland also belong to Denmark politically, but are a good thousand kilometres away.
Each region in itself offers a varied holiday in Denmark.
Holiday in Denmark
Københaven or Copenhagen is the capital of Denmark and the largest urban center of the country. Anyone who has ever taken a city trip to Copenhagen will be thrilled by the flair of the city.
Travel information about Denmark
Copenhagen has the country’s largest international airport, Copenhagen-Kastrup Airport. Other international airports are located in Billund and Aalborg in Jutland.
Copenhagen-Roskilde Airport is used almost exclusively for short-haul flights within the Kingdom. This also applies to the airports in Aarhus, Bornholm, Karup, Esbjerg and Sønderborg.
Coming from Germany, there are two international rail lines to Denmark. One railway line connects Hamburg with Copenhagen, the second connection goes from Flensburg to Frederica.
Trains run between Sweden and Copenhagen over the Öresund Bridge.
There is a direct bus connection from Flensburg to Aarhus, Kolding and Vejle.
You can only reach the Danish mainland via Germany. A bridge leads from Sweden to Denmark. A toll is charged for driving over the Öresund Bridge.
The Danish North Sea coast is easily reached from the A 7 via Handewitt. Then take the B 199 and B 5 to the Danish border and then the B 11 or E 45 to the coast. The Baltic Sea coast is easily reached via the E 45 with a connection via the B 8 or E 20.
- in town 50 km/h
- outside built-up areas: 80 km/h
- Motorway: 130 km/h
It is compulsory to drive with the lights on at all times. The blood alcohol limit is 0.5 per mille.
There are Scandlines ferries from Puttgarden to Rødy and from Warnemünde to Gedser.
The BornholmerFærgen sails from Sassnitz, from Køge and from Ystad to Bornholm.
In addition, other shipping companies offer ferry connections from North Jutland to Norway, Iceland and Sweden.
Those who like to take cargo ship trips will find several ports in Denmark for their journey.
The North Sea Coast Cycle Route connects Hamburg with Jutland. From Berlin, the long-distance cycle route leads to Copenhagen.
Entry requirements/ Visa
Only random border checks are carried out between Germany and Denmark. The identity cards of all passengers are checked.
You need a valid identity card or passport that is valid for the duration of your stay.
Anyone wishing to travel to Greenland needs a passport, as Greenland is not part of the Schengen area.
On the way in …
Domestic flights are available within the Kingdom.
Long-distance rail traffic is operated by Lyntog (lightning train) and InterCity trains. Jutland and the larger islands of Funen, Zealand, Falster and Lolland are connected to each other by bridges over which rail traffic also passes.
Regional transport is partly organised by regional providers.
Denmark has an extensive network of long-distance bus routes.
Denmark also consists of many small and larger islands. Thus, there are some large bridges that make it possible to connect them.
The road network in Denmark is very well developed.
The bicycle is the everyday means of transport for many Danes. Especially in Copenhagen, people rely on the two-wheeler.
A holiday in Denmark by bike offers ideal conditions. There are 11 nationally signposted routes through the country and the cycle paths are for the most part excellently developed.
The connections between the individual islands are often provided by ferries. There are some islands that can only be reached by ferry, such as Bornholm, Fanø or Ærø.
Best time to travel
Denmark and the Faroe Islands have an Atlantic climate. Greenland has an extreme Arctic climate.
In summer it is warm and the winters in Denmark are cool and comparable to those in Germany. Only the wind sometimes makes it icy cold. Denmark is driest from February to May, and October and November have the most precipitation.
Characteristic of Denmark are the long, bright summer nights from May to August (on 1 July, for example, sunrise 4.40 a.m., sunset 22.06 p.m., CEST).
The national language is Danish.
In Denmark, you pay with Danish kroner (DKK).
1 krone = 100 Øre
Banknotes in circulation are 1,000, 500, 200, 100 and 50 kroner. Coins: 20, 10, 5, 2 and 1 kroner and 50 Øre.
An exchange fee of DKK 20 to 35 is charged for each exchange.
Payment with cash is now almost completely dispensed with. Even the smallest amount can be paid with VISA, MasterCard, Maestro or Vpay.
Many kiosks and supermarkets do not accept cash after 8pm.
Those who still need cash will find plenty of ATMs.
Goods and services in Denmark are always subject to 25% VAT. The prices quoted are always inclusive of VAT.
Tipping in Denmark is called “drikkepenge”.
Danes give almost no tips. In restaurants, a so-called service charge is usually included in the bill. Danes tend to round up the bill amount, the 5% rule common in other countries is unusual. Generally, if you decide to give a tip in a restaurant, you leave the amount on the table.
Tipping is not customary in hotels. Taxi drivers have become accustomed to tipping “foreigners”. Here they round up the fare.
Telephone / WLAN
The country code for Denmark is +45. In Denmark, major cities such as Copenhagen, Arhus, Odense, Aalborg and Esbjerg have excellent 4G coverage.
Type E and K sockets are used in Denmark. If you live in Germany, you do not need a travel plug adapter in Denmark.