I was not at all aware of how many UNESCO sites exist in Germany and what different UNESCO lists exist.
First of all, the question arises:
How to become a UNESCO World Heritage Site?
The process of inscription on the UNESCO World Heritage List is a lengthy and detailed process that requires the participation of both the local and international community. The process begins at the national level and then progresses to the international level.
Before submitting an application, the country concerned must carry out a preparatory study. This study should confirm the significance of the cultural heritage and determine whether it meets UNESCO’s criteria for inscription. The criteria relate to the uniqueness, authenticity and integrity of the cultural heritage in question.
Next, the country concerned must inscribe the cultural heritage on its “Tentative List”. This list contains all the sites that a country could propose for nomination in the future. This list must be submitted to UNESCO at least one year before the actual nomination.
Once the site is on the Tentative List, the country can start preparing the nomination dossier. This dossier contains information about the site, including its history, current status, reasons for its significance and plans for its conservation and management.
The country submits the nomination dossier to UNESCO. After submission, the dossier is reviewed by one or more UNESCO Advisory Bodies. These include the International Council on Monuments and Sites for cultural heritage and the World Conservation Union for natural heritage. These organisations make a recommendation.
Based on the recommendations of the Advisory Bodies, the World Heritage Committee makes the final decision on inscription. The Committee meets once a year to decide on new nominations.
Once inscribed on the World Heritage List, the country is obliged to maintain the condition of the site and to send regular reports on its condition to UNESCO. The World Heritage Committee can place sites that are not properly maintained on the List of World Heritage in Danger or even remove them from the list completely.
Which UNESCO World Heritage Lists exist?
UNESCO maintains various World Heritage Lists to document and protect outstanding sites.
World Heritage List:
This list includes sites of outstanding universal value in the field of cultural heritage. These include archaeological sites, historic cities, building complexes, cultural landscapes and much more.
World Natural Heritage List:
This list includes unique natural areas that are of outstanding beauty and ecological significance. These can be national parks, nature reserves, marine areas, forests or geological formations.
List of World Heritage in Danger:
This is a supplementary list that includes sites that are in danger of loss or destruction. UNESCO is stepping up its efforts to protect and preserve these sites in danger.
Intangible Cultural Heritage List:
This list includes living traditions, customs, expressions, craft techniques and oral traditions that are significant to the cultural diversity of communities.
Documentary Heritage List:
This lists audiovisual recordings of cultural heritage significance, including films, audio documents, photographic collections and more.
UNESCO – Sites in Germany
The cable car from Koblenz reaches the top station and we get off. High above the city, on the right side of the Rhine, lies Ehrenbreitstein Fortress on Mount Ehrenbreitstein. It already looks big and mighty from the Rhine valley, but we will explore whether it is really that impressive.
You can feel it immediately when you pass the door of the Arnstadt city brewery: It's not just the history that clings to the old brick walls of this landmark building. It's the living tradition that resonates in the air, a homage to the age-old craft of brewing beer that manifests itself in every sip…
High above Eisenach on a mountain range of the Thuringian Forest lies the Wartburg at an altitude of over 200 meters. It is one of the most visited places in Thuringia and offers not only castle and history lovers an unforgettable visit. The view over the region is simply indescribable!
The New Orangery stands on the northern edge of the Sanssouci Park on the Bornstede ridge. However, this does not resemble a huge greenhouse, as is often the case in other parks, but is an impressive complex in the style of a palace and does not bear the name Orangery Palace for nothing.
on the way in the large housing estate Siemensstadt I've been living in Siemensstadt for over 25 years now, but I haven't really paid much attention to the architectural history of my neighborhood. Sure, I have seen tourist groups walking along here from time to time and I also know the signs on some rows…
There is no such thing as bad weather. Only inappropriate clothing. So, despite it spitting with rain, we put on our most comfortable shoes, got the umbrellas out and embarked on an expedition through Hamburg. Mostly on foot with the occasional metro or train journey.